LOCAL SOUTH AFRICAN MARKETS
Click on link below to search per fresh produce market in South Africa for the latest tomato prices per market:
The latest 2015 historical tomato pricing for the Cape Town Fresh Produce market was as follows:
“The World Processing Tomato Council (WPTC)
is an international non-profit organization representing the tomato processing industry. Currently, its members represent more than 95% of the volume of tomatoes processed worldwide.
The 2008 tomato production is set out per the world map below which is pretty much the same percentages today. It is important to note that the tomato consumption is the biggest in the northern hemisphere and that the southern hemisphere is to the advantage when in production.
CALIFORNIA TOMATO GROWERS ASSOCIATION (CTGA)
As per the CTGA their yields per acre and price per tons since 2000 to date was the following. Click on this LINK to go directly to the CTGA stats going back to 1966.
About the CTGA
“The California Tomato Growers Association (CTGA) was formed in 1947 as a service association for growers of processing tomatoes. Its primary functions were to recruit field labor for tomato growers, set price rates for workers and hire attorneys to advise growers on the Bracero farm worker program. Today, the CTGA is involved in every phase of the state’s processing tomato industry, from establishing a fair price to involvement with international trade, and assisting growers with all aspects of their production and marketing.”
“The CTGA is an association of California processing tomato growers that provides economic, public policy and business leadership for the benefit of growers and the industry. The Association represents grower interests through services to its members including bargaining, communications and advocacy to ensure the stability, viability and prosperity of the industry.”
Evaluating CTGA 2016 published results
In 2016 the whole of California produced from 105,623 Ha / 261,000 Acres (1 Ha = 2,47105383 Acres) on an average 123 tons per Ha with 9,520 members ( on an average of 27,42 Acres / 11,1 Ha per member).
The number of plants planted per Ha we call “STAND” per Ha. Per planting statistics on the web it seems like the Californian tomato producers are planting a stand of 4000 to 4800 plants per Acre which equates to 10,872 plants per Ha based on an average of 4400 plants per Acre. The yield per plant then comes to 11,3 kg (based upon 123 ton per Ha actually achieved in 2016). This is wrong for a Heinz H1015 plant with optimum fertigation, one can only suspect from the Californians, will max out 4.73 kg per plant and converting that back per 123 ton per Ha gives us a stand of 26,004 plants per Ha or 10,325 plants per Acre.
The South African farmers in Koekenaap achieved, unofficially during their January 2017 harvest, 180 to 200 tons per Ha from a stand of 40,000 Heinz H1015 plants per Ha. If the plant mortality was 5% on a stand of 40,000 plants per Ha the 38,000 plants left per Ha yielded 180 tons per Ha gives us 4.73 kg tomatoes per tomato plant. That is realistic.
Planting a stand of 40,000 plants means a double row of seedlings on either side of the dripper line every 29,4 cm which will require 650 mm water (or 6500 cubic meters of water per Ha) for the 3.5 month growth cycle. More plants, more feeding and more water is required on a more regular basis like one would feed a baby as long as the average low temperature point stays above 10 degrees Celsius, wind speed does not exceed 19 km per hour during the flowering stage and the maximum temperature going too high will only push the water consumption up above the 650 mm requirement.
This evaluation excludes the detail of feeding programs, microbe management and mineral feeding programs which now a days have significant influence in weight and BRIX (sugar levels) of the tomatoes produced.
The biggest single contributing factor to yield per ton is the management of the stand at which seedlings are planted and properly fed with adequate fertigation programs.